History and Culture




Rizal Municipality was once a barren valley of rolling land and hills, a haven of wild beasts and fowls, and even to ranchers. Its creeks and ponds, teeming with fishes, was an oasis to large cattle owned by ranchers from Enrile, Cagayan; Santa Maria, Isabela and a few Kalinga natives. It is situated on the Eastern part of Tabuk, Kalinga; bounded on the north and the south by the provinces of Isabela and Cagayan respectively.

                The ranchers from neighboring towns established their residence in the valley and when their family clans increased and they organized themselves into a political unit and the whole valley became one barrio of Tabuk, Kalinga called “Santor”. Babalag and Bulbul became a sitio of Santor.

                The barrio was prospering and when the road connecting Cagayan to Kalinga was opened, more people from neighboring towns migrated to the valley. Since they have cross the boundary before they reached the place, they called it “Liwan”, from the Itawes word “Lawan”-meaning outside.

                The bureau of lands declared Tabuk an open municipality. Land distributed by them so that more people from Mallig Region, Ilocos, Vizcaya and Nueva Ecija came to the place. Liwan being the gateway to Tabuk attracted them and many settled in the place. With the influx of people more barrios were created and later the five barrios were initially identified.The council district of Tabuk under one municipality councillor, Pascual Gunnawa was the first appointed councillor followed by Pio Marzan who was elected, the Atty. Alexander Falgui and Macario Jambaro.

                Liwan was increasing in population and to facilitate its development, Congressman Duyan presented a Bill in Congress separating it from Tabuk as an independent municipality. This bill was signed into law on June 19, 1965 known as Republic Act No. 4396.

                Macario Jambaro who was then the councilor was the first appointed Mayor. Then on November 14, 1966, the new President Ferdinand Marcos appointed Councillor Benjamin Jambaro as Mayor. He was also the first elected mayor in 1968 and held on as Mayor until the reorganization program of President Aquino in 1986.

                Congressman Felipe Almazan sponsored a bill in 1970 changing the name Liwan to Rizal since the date of signing RA No. 4396 fall on our National Hero’s birthday. The bill was approved and from then Liwan was called Rizal Municipality.

                In the reorganization program of President Corazon C. Aquino in 1986, new OICs were appointed, and Efraim Orodio assumed office as the new OIC Mayor of the town. Then Jose Songgadan became the second OIC Mayor, when Efraim B. Orodio tendered his resignation so as to run as Mayor in the local elections in 1987. He won the election in 1987 to be the second elected Mayor of the town. He was elected three (3) consecutive terms from 1987 up to 1998. Local election was held on May 1998 and Hon. Marcelo V. Dela Cruz, Jr., won as Mayor of the town. He assumed office on July 1, 1998 and elected three (3) consecutive terms from 1998 to 2007. In May 2007, In May 2007, Engr. Chris Mark S. Dela Cruz tendered his application as Municipal Mayor. At the age of 22, he won the 2007 election poll and served from July 1, 2007 to June 30, 2010 as the youngest Mayor of Kalinga and the second youngest in the Philippines.

                Again, Hon. Marcelo V. Dela Cruz was re-elected as Municipal Mayor in 2010 up to the present (now on his 5th term).

                Rizal Municipality has 14 barangays at present. It has still a long way to go before it could be fully developed but the natural resources and manpower are there. With the cooperation and unity of the people, dynamic leadership of the officials and through the blessing of the Divine Providence, Rizal Municipality will be of the best Municipalities in Kalinga.

Major  and Significant Events and Situation leading to the Present Status

Historical Roles and Events

From 1965 to the present, there are six (6) town executives who took turns in managing the reign of the municipal government. Other important events that took place were not recorded. Below, however are some of the events that contributed to what Rizal is today.

  • 1965 – The separation of Liwan from Tabuk and became an independent municipality by virtue of Republic Act No. 4396.
  •  1970 – The changing of the name of Liwan to Rizal since the date of the signing of RA No. 6183 fall on our national Hero’s birthday.
  •  Creation of nine (9) barangays in accordance with RA 3590, other known as the revised Barrio Charter and now supplemented by a Presidential Decree No. 86, 86-A and 154.
  • 1987 –  The separation of Babalag into two (2) barangays namely; Babalag West and Babalag East.
  • 1990 – The Old Municipal Hall was replaced with a new one at Liwan West thru the aid of the Congressional Fund and the Local Development Fund.
  • The founding of the RNSAT annex at Kinama, Rizal, Kalinga.
  • 1998 – The founding of the Rizal College of Kalinga offering an initial two years  Secretarial and Computer Science Courses.
  • 2003  –  Establishment and founding of Macutay- Palao High School at Macutay, Rizal, Kalinga.
  • 2004 – The awarding of Tenurial Instruments to Susana Realty Inc. – Hacienda Madrigal actual occupants.
  • 2009 – KASC at Bagbag offering various courses
  • 2009 – Construction of Rizal Sports Center and Rizal Public Market at Centro Babalag, Rizal,  Kalinga.
  • 2011  –  Construction of Pamahalaang Bayan ng Rizal (PBR) located at Liwan West, Rizal, Kalinga.